• Adult Children Exposed to Domestic Violence
  • Runaway & Homeless Youth Toolkit
  • Prevent Intimate Partner Violence
  • Violence Against Women Resource Library
  • Domestic Violence and Housing Technical Assistance Consortium
  • Domestic Violence Awareness Project
  • Building Comprehensive Solutions
  • National Resource Center on Domestic Violence


Runaway and homeless youth agencies and domestic violence victims’ services providers share a mutual goal: enhancing the safety and healing of young people living situations marked by violence and abuse. Recognizing and understanding the intersection of runaway and homeless youth and intimate partner violence (including dating, domestic and sexual violence) is critical to creating meaningful services and effective intervention and prevention strategies for both homelessness and relationship abuse, and in creating partnerships between the programs working with youth at risk.

Why is it important for service providers to understand the intersection of runaway and homeless youth and relationship violence?

Here are three good reasons:

Witnessing the ongoing abuse of a parent or experiencing child abuse, threats, or actual physical and sexual abuse are all too often the cause of youth running away or being forced from their homes. A life on the streets often exposes them to additional risks or victimization. What they have seen in an abusive home environment or experienced on the street is often repeated by the youth themselves in their own relationships. Because homeless youth have so little control over their lives, using violence in relationships may be a way of trying feel more in control.

Runaway and homeless youth often have little or no support systems and those being abused in a relationship may find it more difficult to leave their abusive partner if they have no one to help them understand what is happening and the options available to them.

Who is the Toolkit for?

This Toolkit was developed by and for advocates in the runaway and homeless youth (RHY) and domestic and sexual assault (DV/SA) fields to help programs better address relationship violence with runaway and homeless youth. The Toolkit organizes information, resources, tips and tools drawn from the wealth of information gathered when the two service systems were convened through local collaborative projects funded by the Family and Youth Services Bureau (FYSB) of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The FYSB Initiative, which brought together domestic violence programs and runaway and homeless youth agencies to address relationship violence among homeless, runaway, and street youth. In this Toolkit, DV/SA providers will find information designed to increase their understanding of runaway and homeless youth and the network of programs and services working with them and, conversely, RHY providers will find resources on intimate partner violence and the programs and networks that provide protections and support to victims of violence. An increased understanding and dialogue between these systems at the service level can result in improved services overall.

This Toolkit should be viewed as an ever-developing resource for the field.  As additional information, tips, tools, best practices, curricula, or other materials are identified or developed, they will be added to the Toolkit. Please contact the National Resource Center on Domestic Violence (800-537-2238 or if you have ideas or materials that you feel would enhance the Toolkit and make it more useful to RHY and DV/SA programs working individually or in partnership.

Special thanks are due to the RHY/DV Steering Committee for their assistance in conceptualizing the Toolkit, and especially to Megan Blondin and Susan Spagnuolo of the Mid-Atlantic Network of Youth and Family Services (MANY), and Barbara Nissley, Jo Sterner and Jan Davis of the Pennsylvania Coalition Against Domestic Violence (PCADV). Thanks also to the FYSB RHY/DV/SA collaborative project grantees who shared their lessons learned, tools and information with us.  Kenya Fairley and Casey Keene of the NRCDV made important contributions to the design and development of the Toolkit, as did project consultant Kim Pentico and Monika Johnson-Hostler of the North Carolina Coalition Against Sexual Assault.

Additionally, this Toolkit would not have been possible without support and funding from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families (ACF), Family and Youth Services Bureau, under grant #90EV0374 to the PCADV/NRCDV.

Notice of Federal Funding and Federal Disclaimer
This website was made possible by Grant Number #90EV0451 to the National Resource Center on Domestic Violence from the Administration on Children, Youth and Families, Family and Youth Services Bureau, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
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